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The IDL must therefore be observed in conjunction with the Earth's time zones: on crossing it in either direction, the calendar date is adjusted by one day.
Accordingly, Samoa, Tokelau, Wallis and Futuna, Fiji, Tonga, Tuvalu and New Zealand's Kermadec Islands and Chatham Islands are all west of the IDL and have the same date.A 1995 realignment of the IDL made Caroline Island one of the first points of land on Earth to reach January 1, 2000 on the calendar (UTC 14).As a result, this atoll was renamed Millennium Island.All nations unilaterally determine their standard time zones, applicable only on land and adjacent territorial waters.This date line can be called de facto since it is not based on international law, but on national laws.The International Date Line (IDL) is an imaginary line of navigation on the surface of the Earth that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole and demarcates the change of one calendar day to the next.
It passes through the middle of the Pacific Ocean, roughly following the 180° line of longitude but deviating to pass around some territories and island groups. (Times are approximate, since time zone boundaries generally do not exactly coincide with meridians.
These include portions of the Republic of Kiribati, including Millennium Island in the Line Islands, as well as Samoa during the southern summer.
The first major cities to experience a new day are Auckland and Wellington, New Zealand (UTC 12; UTC 13 with daylight saving time).
The areas that are the first to see the daylight of a new day vary by the season.
Around the June solstice, the first area would be anyplace within the Kamchatka Time Zone (UTC 12) that is far enough north to experience midnight sun on the given date.
Kiribati's easternmost islands, the southern Line Islands south of Hawaii, have the most advanced time on Earth, UTC 14 hours.