Since, ESR dating is best and most commonly applied to tooth enamel in archaeology, this paper predominantly focuses on its direct application to fossil remains.
In the meantime this new technique has been successfully applied to the dating of materials such as speleothems, spring deposited travertines, mollusc shells, corals, and tooth enamel.the time during which the sample has been exposed to natural radioactivity since the ESR signal has been last reset. usually by either dissolution/recrystallization, heat, optical bleaching, or mechanical stress.The dose rate is found from the summation of the concentrations of radioactive materials in the sample (internal dose rate) and its surrounding environment (external dose rate).Your access to the NCBI website at gov has been temporarily blocked due to a possible misuse/abuse situation involving your site.This is not an indication of a security issue such as a virus or attack.This review comprises three major parts: (a) introduction into ESR dating; (b) application of the method; and (c) appendices giving detailed description of dose rate calculation, physical basis of electron spin resonance, the ESR spectrometer and ESR lines.
The major emphasis lies on the outline of the application of ESR dating.
The amount of trapped electrons corresponds to the magnitude of the ESR signal.
This ESR signal is directly proportional to the number of trapped electrons in the mineral, the dosage of radioactivity substances, and the age.
This includes the discussion of the ESR-signals of the various materials, sampling, sample preparation, and measurement techniques.
Electron spin resonance (ESR) has been used for absolute dating of archaeological materials such as quartz, flints, carbonate crystals, and fossil remains for nearly 50 years.
These centers are generated by alpha-, beta-, and gamma-radiation of the matural radioelements such as U, Th, and K, and have accumulated over time.