Most Iranians lived in poverty while the wealth generated from Iranian oil played a decisive role in maintaining Britain at the top of the world. A fall into communism and a "second China" terrified the Dulles brothers.In 1951 Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh pledged to throw the company out of Iran, reclaim the petroleum reserves and free Iran from foreign powers. Prime Minister Winston Churchill decided for a coup. Operation Ajax was born, deposing the only democratic government Iran ever had.
The Shi'a clergy (Ulema) had a significant influence on Iranian society.The British demanded punishment by the World Court and the United Nations, sent warships to the Persian Gulf and finally imposed a crushing embargo. The British asked Truman for help; Truman, however, sympathized with nationalist movements like Mosaddegh's and had nothing but contempt for old-style imperialists like those who ran Anglo-Iranian. Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, who was the son of Reza Shah, maintained a close relationship with the U. government, both regimes sharing an opposition to the expansion of the Soviet Union, Iran's powerful northern neighbor.Mosaddegh was unmoved by Britain's campaign against him. Like his father's government, the Shah's was known for its autocracy, its focus on modernization and Westernization and for its disregard for religious and democratic measures in Iran's constitution.A number of these reforms led to public discontent which provides circumstances for an Iranian revolution.Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi's father, Reza Shah, replaced Islamic laws with Western ones, which forbade traditional Islamic clothing, separation of the sexes and veiling of women's faces with the niqab.Mosaddegh nationalized the Anglo-Iranian oil company and became a national hero. Mosaddegh, however, learned of their plans and ordered the British embassy shuttered in October 1952. In 1941 Reza Shah was deposed and his son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, was installed by an invasion of allied British and Soviet troops.
The British, however, were outraged and accused him of stealing. All British diplomats and agents had to leave the country. In 1953, foreign powers (American and British) again came to the Shah's aid – after the young Shah fled the country to Italy, the British MI6 aided an American CIA operative in organizing a military coup d'état to oust the nationalist and democratically elected Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh.
The only way to watch the original version of Modern Family past TV censors in Iran is by illegally downloading it.
However, an unauthorised Iranian version of the American sitcom has emerged - but without the gay couple Mitch and Cam.
For the series of reforms launched in 1963, see White Revolution.
and eventual replacement of 2500 years of continuous Persian monarchy with an Islamic Republic under the Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the revolution, supported by various Islamist and leftist organizations Between August and December 1978, strikes and demonstrations paralyzed the country.
From 1901 on, the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (renamed the Anglo-Iranian oil company in 1931) - a British oil company - enjoyed the monopoly on sale and production of Iranian oil. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles and his brother, director of the C. In their eyes, any country not decisively allied with the United States was a potential enemy.