Jamayka and dating
They survived by subsistence farming and periodic raids of plantations.
Beginning with the Stuart monarchy's appointment of a civil governor to Jamaica in 1661, political patterns were established that lasted well into the twentieth century.This was of particular importance during the Anglo-French War in the Caribbean from 1689 to 1713.Early in the eighteenth century, the Maroons took a heavy toll on the British troops and local militia sent against them in the interior; their rebellion ended, however, with the signing of peace agreements in 1738.The second governor, Lord Windsor, brought with him in 1662 a proclamation from the king giving Jamaica's non-slave populace the rights of English citizens, including the right to make their own laws.Although he spent only ten weeks in Jamaica, Lord Windsor laid the foundations of a governing system that was to last for two centuries: a Crown-appointed governor acting with the advice of a nominated council in the legislature.In the following years, Spain repeatedly attempted to recapture Jamaica, and in response in 1657 the English Governor of Jamaica invited buccaneers to base themselves at Port Royal on Santiago, to help defend against Spanish attacks.
Spain never recaptured Jamaica, losing the Battle of Ocho Rios in 1657 and the Battle of Rio Nuevo in 1658.
Jamaica was an English colony from 1655 (when it was captured by the English from Spain) or 1670 (when Spain formally ceded Jamaica to the English), and a British Colony from 1707 until 1962, when it became independent. In late 1654, English leader Oliver Cromwell launched the Western Design armada against Spain's colonies in the Caribbean.
In April 1655, General Robert Venables led the armada in an attack on Spain's fort at Santo Domingo, Hispaniola.
Removing the pressing need for constant defense against Spanish attack, this change served as an incentive to planting.
For years, however, the planter-dominated Jamaica House of Assembly was in continual conflict with the various governors and the Stuart kings; there were also contentious factions within the assembly itself.
In May 1655, around 7,000 English soldiers landed near Jamaica's Spanish Town capital.