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States justified discrimination based on state statutes and constitutions.
See also: Lists of holidays, Hallmark holidays, public holidays in the United States, New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico and the United States Virgin Islands.Progressive senators on the Senate Indian Affairs Committee were for the Act because they thought it would reduce corruption and inefficiency in the Department of Interior and the Bureau of Indian Affairs.Such institutions would no longer be in control of citizenship regulations if citizenship were automatically granted to all indigenous people. Other groups for Native American citizenship supported it because of the "guardianship" status they felt the US government should take to protect indigenous people.Those who rejected it were worried about tribal sovereignty and citizenship.Many leaders in the Native American community at the time, like Charles Santee, a Santee Sioux, were interested in Native American integration into the larger society but adamant about preserving the Native American identity.The Indian Rights Association, a key group in the development of this legislation, advocated that federal guardianship was a necessary component of citizenship.
They pushed for the clause "tribal rights and property" in the Indian Citizenship Act to preserve Indian identity but gain citizenship rights and protection.
One advocate for American Indians during the early 20th century, Joseph K.
Dixon, who had previously advocated for segregated Indian units during World War I in an effort to prevent their assimilation, wrote (referring to soldiers who served in World War I): The Indian, though a man without a country, the Indian who has suffered a thousand wrongs considered the white man's burden and from mountains, plains and divides, the Indian threw himself into the struggle to help throttle the unthinkable tyranny of the Hun.
The National Congress of American Indians, founded in 1944, is the oldest, largest and most representative American Indian and Alaska Native organization serving the broad interests of tribal governments and communities.
The Indian Citizenship Act of 1924, also known as the Snyder Act, was proposed by Representative Homer P. While the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution defined as citizens any person born in the U. Finally, in 1948, the states withdrew their prohibition on Indian voting because of a judicial decision. Most tribes had communal property, and to have a right to the land, individual Indian people needed to belong to the tribe. Earlier views on granting Indian citizenship had suggested allocating land to individuals.
It also encourages public elementary and secondary schools to enhance student understanding of Native Americans by providing classroom instructions focusing on their history, achievements, and contributions. Some individual states have also taken legislative action to recognize this day.