Polish phrases for dating
The Habsburg emperors hired Hungarian hussars as mercenaries to serve against the Ottomans and on various battlefields throughout Western Europe.Early hussars wore armor when they could afford it like the later Polish hussars.
The hussars reportedly originated in bands of mostly Serbian warriors, crossing into southern Hungary after the Ottoman conquest of Serbia at the end of the 14th century.Hungarian hussars abandoned using shields and later armors and became entirely light cavalry in the first half of the 17th century.The Polish heavy hussars of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth were far more manoeuvrable than the heavily armoured lancers previously employed.When Stefan Bathory, a Transylvanian-Hungarian prince, was elected king of Poland in 1576, he reorganised the Polish-Lithuanian hussars of his Royal Guard along Hungarian lines, making them a heavy formation, equipped with a long lance as their main weapon.By the reign of King Stefan Bathory, the hussars had replaced medieval-style lancers in the Polish–Lithuanian army, and they now formed the bulk of the Polish cavalry.In many countries, the hussars and bosniaks actually retained their original Asiatic uniforms.
In the late 17th and 18th Centuries, many Hungarian hussars fled to other Central and Western European countries and became the core of similar light cavalry formations created there.
During the early decades of the 17th century, hussars in Hungary ceased to wear metal body armour; and, by 1640, most were light cavalry.
It was hussars of this 'light' pattern, rather than the Polish heavy hussar, that were later to be copied across Europe.
The hussars proved vital to the Polish–Lithuanian victories at the Orsza (1514), the Obertyn (1531) and the Battle of Vienna (1683).
Over the course of the 16th century, hussars in Transylvania and Hungary became heavier in character: They had abandoned wooden shields and adopted plate-metal body armour.
The first written mention of the word "Hussarones" (in Latin, plural; in Hungarian: Huszár) has been found in documents dating from 1432 in Southern Hungary (at the time the Ottoman military frontiers of the Hungarian Kingdom). On the other hand, 'húsz' means twenty in Hungarian whilst 'ár' is a unit of land measurement or acre.