Teenage power and control in dating statistics
However, it can also occur at work and include behaviors like verbal abuse, sabotaging the victim' s job or work relationship, or misusing authority.
Boys tend to engage in bullying more often than girls, especially at high school age and beyond, and are more likely to engage in physical or verbal bullying, while girls more often engage in relational bullying. When the harassment, name calling, gossiping, rumor spreading, threats, or other forms of intimidation expand from being done in person or by phone to the use of emails, chat rooms, blogs, or other social media over the Internet, it is referred to as cyber bullying or online bullying. "Cyberbullying, school bullying and psychological distress: a regional census of high school students." American Journal of Public Health Nov. Bullying is usually thought of as taking place between children at school. While state laws have little consistency in their definition of bullying, the accepted definition by many mental-health professionals is physical or verbal aggression that is repeated over a period of time and involves an imbalance of power. It is further characterized by the bully repeatedly using the higher social status they have over the victim to exert power and to hurt the victim. Research shows that bullies and their victims are also at risk for having attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Victims of workplace bullying may suffer from reduced job performance, more absences, and less work satisfaction.
Ultimately, bullying may be the cause of higher staff turnover.
People who are both victims and perpetrators of bullying seem to be more vulnerable to experiencing both internalizing (for example, loneliness, depression, and anxiety) and externalizing (for example, antisocial) symptoms.
Victims of these behaviors also tend to develop or increase their severity of anxiety.
Bullies and victims tend to experience depression more than their peers who have not been involved in bullying, which can lead to academic problems, frequent absences from school, loneliness, and social isolation.
Gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender youth are more often victims of bullying compared to their heterosexual counterparts.